Everything You Need to Know About Gum Disease

When oral hygiene is neglected, you can become prone to developing gum disease. This disease infects the tissues as well as the surrounding bone of the tooth. If neglected, it can progress into more serious conditions and destroy even more gum tissue and lead to tooth decay.

To keep your smile healthy from teeth to gums, make sure you educate yourself about all the essential dental care tips. Here are some important things you need to know:

Types of Gum Disease

Gum disease has three stages, which are – gingivitis, periodontitis and advanced periodontitis. The earliest stage is gingivitis, which can still be reversed when treated early. At this stage, it is usually hard to detect because it is painless. However, there are still some subtle symptoms that you need to watch out for.

If you experience any of the symptoms below, you might have the first signs of gum disease.

  • Bleeding gums during brushing.
  • Sensitive teeth.
  • Sore and red gums.

As the disease progresses, the symptoms also become more apparent. If you do not treat gingivitis immediately, it will advance into periodontitis. During this stage, more gum tissue is inflamed and this may affect your chewing.

Signs of periodontitis:

  • Persistent bad breath.
  • Bad taste in the mouth.
  • Teeth that have loosened from the gumline.
  • Receding gums, which make teeth look larger.
  • Pus on infected gums.
  • Pain when eating.

Advanced periodontitis is unfortunately not as reversible as the first stage, however, you can still stop the infection from spreading and destroying more tissues. The progression from the first stages to the more aggressive or last stage is slow, so you will have a lot of time for treatment. It is advisable to immediately seek help from your dentist when you notice the first signs of gingivitis so the disease can still be easily reversed.

How to Avoid Gum Disease

The best medicine is always prevention. If you take proper care of your teeth, you won’t have to worry about having to deal with gum disease.

Make sure to avoid external stressors that increase the risk of getting periodontitis like smoking and chewing tobacco. Aside from poor oral hygiene, there are also other factors that can affect your dental health. This includes:

  • genetics
  • pregnancy
  • strong medications including steroids, cancer therapy drugs, anti-epilepsy drugs and calcium channel blockers

Home Treatment

Treating dental problems can be such a pain in the wallet, especially if you don’t have insurance. While the best solution is to seek treatment, there are also some things you can do at home to help reduce the One of the best practices is to regularly floss, to prevent plaque buildup in between your teeth. Not flossing properly and daily is one of the most common reasons why gum health start to deteriorate. After thoroughly cleaning in between teeth, finish off with an antimicrobial mouthwash. Making this a daily habit will save you from a lot of potentially serious dental complications.

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